1. Vorontsov Palace is – one of the most beautiful places in the Crimea, lost in the shadow of South Park whether knight's castle, or palace of the Moorish kings, both toy and fundamental.

The palace was built from 1828 to 1848 years as a summer residence of a prominent Russian statesman, governor-general of the Novorossiysk region Count Mikhail Vorontsov. It was designed by the English architect Edward Blore. The architect did not come in Alupka, but he was well aware of the terrain. Material for a construction database was chosen, mined nearby. Red Square is also paved with diabase mined from this place.

Vorontsov Palace is – one of the most beautiful places in the Crimea, lost in the shadow of South Park whether knight's castle, or palace of the Moorish kings, both toy and fundamental

In the construction of the palace mainly peasants from the Vladimir and Moscow Province were used. Stonemasons and Stonecutters hereditary were involved in the construction, who had experience in the construction and relief decoration of white stone cathedrals. All work is done by hand, with primitive tools. The largest volume of excavation was carried out from 1840 to 1848 with the help of soldier battalion who built the terrace of the park in front south facade of the palace.

Before the October Revolution, The Vorontsov palace belonged to three generations of family Vorontsov. After the revolutionaries came to power, Vorontsov Palace was nationalized. In mid-1921 Vorontsov Palace was opened as a museum. In 1941, the Great Patriotic War began. Local authorities did not evacuate the exhibits of Alupka, and indeed of many other museums of the Crimea. Museum danger of destruction twice, and both times it was saved by a senior fellow at the museum S.G. Shchekoldin. The invaders stole a lot of art treasures, of which there were 537 paintings and drawings, and only a small part of the paintings was able to find after the war and return to the palace. This is described in detail in the book written by Shekoldin "Never mind the lions."

2. The rear facade of the palace and its western part are romantic architectural variations on the theme "Tudor» of XVI - early XVII centuries. Architects call it "neo-Gothic". When viewed from the side of the mountain, housing of the Palace reminds severe châteaux of British aristocrats. Filmmakers often film fabulous and historical films here, adaptations of Shakespeare and Stevenson. The diversity of the many towers and turrets, carved cornices, domes, spiers, tracery balustrades, "serfs" and retaining walls, buttresses, chimneys, windows, battlements, stairs, palace interiors create a romantic ambiance for almost any subject and historical epoch.

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16. The southern facade of the palace, overlooking the sea, was built in the Moorish style, and reminds the famous Alhambra Palace Arab rulers of Spain in Granada, built in the late 14th century. On the frieze in deep niches of the facade six times stylized Arabic inscription motto of Grenada caliphs: "There is no victor but Allah!" is repeated.

17. In front of the palace there is "Lion Terrace", from which is the monumental staircase with three pairs of white marble lions. Waking lions over upper stages repeated the lions of Antonio Canova from the tomb of Pope Clement XII in Rome.

18. Lion Terrace, created by Giovanni Bonnani consists of three levels - awaking lions, waking lions and at the bottom of the stairs - sleeping lions.

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24. With guard lions sleeping on the left of the stairs there is a funny story that happened in February 1945 during the Yalta conference. Among the heads of the three Allied Powers was Winston Churchill. Stopping at a sleeping marble lion, he exclaimed: "This lion reminds me of me!" When Churchill asked Joseph Stalin to redeem sculpture, Stalin answered - "I do not sell people's property!"

25. The Japanese were not there, but it was still quite difficult to take a picture without other people.

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47. Fountain "Trilby" – was built in 1829, the origin of the name is not known; according to one version it was named in memory of his beloved dog of Count Vorontsov, according to another - in honor of the good domestic spirit of the story of Charles Nodier.


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