1) I decided to split the story about the district town of Mtsensk in two parts. In the first - about of the nature of the Orel region, in the second - a walk around the town. Standing on Zushe river, Mtsensk is picturesquely stretched on the hills and slopes descending to the water. All this deserves attention.


2) The population of the town is now just under 39,000 people. A significant part of the historical building was lost during the Great Patriotic War, but almost all of the 18 churches in the city survived, which during the war served as reference points for German and Soviet troops during the Battle of Kursk.


3) The Church of the Ascension of the Lord at the beginning of the XVIII century on the site of the former monastery.
In the left part of the image is a chapel in the place of the ancient settlement, where the city was founded.


4) During the February trip around the Orel region, I stayed at Hostel City 57 opposite the Grinn hypermarket, which is the epitome of the capitalist stage in the development of the town. At the end of February, an international competition-festival of choreographic art was held in Orel on modern dance styles and directions, where students from many regions of the country gathered.






7) The Church of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary in 1671-1679. It was built on the high and rocky left bank of the river Zushi on the territory of the former Small Mtsen fortress, where one of the most ancient in the region Petropavlovsky monastery was located.
We approach the temple closer, now we pass to the opposite bank of the river Zushi.




9) Ascension church.


10) Near the earth wall of the settlement.


11) There are opinions that the city is uninteresting, because of a significant part of the old county town did not survive after 1943, but you can go there for the sake of landscapes, and the city is very interesting.


12) The city is right under my feet, judging by the differences in heights.


13) The Church of St. George the Victorious built in 1825 in the style of classicism and the freight train of the Kursk main line Moscow-Belgorod-Kharkov-Sevastopol, which was considered the main thoroughfare in the USSR, the former "sanatorium-resort road" from Moscow to the Caucasian Mineral Waters, to Novorossiysk and Anapa, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, the Crimea and the resorts of the Azov Sea - in Mariupol and Berdyansk. In regular circulation there were trains, the routes of which nowadays will seem exotic: Moscow - Yerevan, Gorky - Tbilisi, Moscow - Batumi, Moscow - Tskhaltubo. The non-stop international wagons were traveling to Istanbul and Tehran.

Regular trains operated to industrial cities of Ukraine: Donetsk, Kharkov, Dnepropetrovsk, Krivoy Rog, Zaporozhye. In the summer period of 1988, in the midst of transportation, the number of passenger trains reached 70 pairs per day (every 20 minutes a passenger train followed the route). After the Ukrainian events (alas, without geopolitics everything is more difficult to manage), there is a risk that the Moscow-Kharkov-Sevastopol highway will be interrupted between Belgorod and Kharkov along the state border, the railway lines will be simply disassembled.


14) Let's look more closely at the Peter and Paul Church.










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